Determining traffic congestion utilizing a fuzzy logic model and Floating Car Data (FCD)
Keywords: fuzzy logic, fuzzy inference system, floating car data, traffic congestion, congestion measures
Abstract. Traffic congestion is a dynamic spatial and temporal process and as such might not be possible to model with linear functions of various dependent variables. That leaves a lot of space for non-linear approximates, such as neutral networks and fuzzy logic. In this paper, the focus is on the fuzzy logic as a possible approach for dealing with the problems of measuring traffic congestion. We investigate the application of this framework on a selected case study, and use floating car data (FCD) collected in Augsburg, Germany. A fuzzy inference system is built to detect degrees of congestion on a federal highway B17. With FCD, it is possible to obtain local speed information on almost all parts of the network. This information, together with collected vehicle location, time and heading, can be further processed and transformed into valuable information in the form of trip routes, travel times, etc. Initial results are compared with traditional method of expressing levels of congestion on a road network e.g. Level of Service – LOS. The fuzzy model, with segmented mean speed and travel time parameters, performed well and showed to be promising approach to detect traffic congestions. This approach can be further improved by involving more input parameters, such as density or vehicle flow, which might reflect traffic congestion event even more realistically.